In ancient times, natural materials like stones, sticks, mud, animal skins, etc were used to construct shelters. They were not as protective and safe as today’s buildings made of more concrete and glass or even steel. They cannot be compared with the steel and glass that make up a modern urban skyline. However, these primitive structures served the same purpose i.e. space comfort to stay inside.
Our buildings, workplaces, and the way we manage them can be inefficient, costly, manual, and environmentally damaging. Nowadays, buildings are more complex when it comes to their structures, systems, and technology.
With time, each of the components inside a building has become more advance and developed. This allows modern-day building owners to select the interior of it, which includes lighting, security, ventilation, and heating along with air conditioning systems. These all when existing together make life very luxurious.
Well, trends are changing quickly and now building owners began to give importance to the exterior of the building so they consider the impact of their building on the electrical grid, mission of their company, and also the global environment. To meet all these goals and to stay complying with the future, different aspects of buildings must be integrated, dynamic, and functional. So there must be a Smart building that seamlessly fulfills its mission while minimizing the energy cost, supporting a more robust electric grid, and be environment friendly.
Smart buildings provide useful building services, which include illumination, thermal comfort, air quality, physical security, sanitation, and many more at a low cost and environmental impacts over the building lifecycle. The principal behind these smart buildings is the usage of information technology (IT) for its operations, thus connecting many subsystems that in turn, work independently. In this way, systems can share information to optimize total building performance. Smart buildings are not constrained for their working within the four walls.
A smart power grid is responsible for their operations and they are connected in a much responsive way. They interact with building operators and occupants to empower them with exceptionally new levels of visibility and useful information.
Technology-enabled, this smart building connects the structure itself to perform its functions:
- Connecting building systems
- Connecting people and technology
- Connecting to an intelligent future
- Connecting Building Systems
- Connecting to the global environment
- Connecting to the smart power grid
- Connecting to the bottom line
Modern buildings are equipped with complex mechanical devices with control systems and a lot of features to improve the safety, comfort, and productivity of occupants. Most of these systems involve inter-machine communication, however, the data is general. The communication protocols have been proprietary and information only flows along certain paths.
The right connectivity between all the equipment and systems is required in a smart building. For instance, chiller plant optimization boosts the efficiency of chiller operation by incorporating outside weather data and information regarding occupancy. Data from the building security system to turn off lights and reduce cooling when family exits is another example of a smart system.